- One of the benefits of cow’s milk is that the cream separates from the liquid. Therefore, you get milk, cream & butter. Cow’s milk is also better because it is mass produced, and can feed more people.
- Cow’s milk is harder to digest because the fat globules are bigger. The 3rd most common allergy for children is cow’s milk, there are theories that this is caused by a mutation in the beta casein protein in newer breed cows like the Holstein.
- Goat’s milk is closest in structure to human milk. The fat globules are smaller, which aids in digestion. In a recent study of infants allergic to cow’s milk found that 93% of the children could drink goat’s milk with no allergic reaction. Goat’s milk contains less lactose than cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is slightly alkaline, unlike cow’s milk which is slightly acidic.
- Some people dislike the taste of the milk. The only draw back is they produce less milk.
- They produce the creamiest milk out of the main three. Like goats, they also naturally homogenized milk. That means smaller fat globules and more medium-chain fatty acids. This aids in digestion, just like goat’s milk.
- Sheep are naturally prey animals, which means they have difficulty relaxing while being milked. Trying to milk a sheep is difficult, because if you scare them even slightly, their bodies will produce adrenaline. This counteracts the oxytocin and the subsequent production of milk.
Buffalo milk is rich in protein, calcium, iron, phosphorous, vitamin A, and other important compounds, but is also notably higher in fat content than traditional cow milk. In comparison to cow milk, there is less cholesterol in buffalo milk, which is a good thing for anyone with a heart condition. There is more fat in buffalo milk, so moderation is key. Milk from a buffalo has about 10% more protein than cow. This is good news for the growth and development of children and adolescents, as well as adults. It also has more calcium than cow’s milk, making it even better for the prevention of osteoporosis and general bone strength and resilience. There is more potassium in buffalo milk than regular cow milk, and since potassium functions as a vasodilator, buffalo milk can help lower your blood pressure.
The fat globules in goat and sheep’s milk are smaller than the ones in cow’s milk, and are therefore easier to digest. Goat’s milk is also lower in the lactose sugars that can be difficult for some people to digest.
For people who aren’t lactose intolerant, but have a dairy allergy, the culprit is often the A1 type of casein protein found in cow’s milk. Goat and sheep’s milk contains the A2 type of casein protein, which is far less inflammatory and closer to the proteins found in human breast milk, so its way less likely to trigger allergies and inflammation.
One of the things that often worries people about goat and sheep dairy is that it’s higher in fat, but it is a healthy fat. The medium-chain triglycerides found in goat and sheep’s milk actually help boost your body’s metabolism.
Goat and Sheep’s milk is higher in calcium than cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is also higher in zinc and selenium, while sheep’s milk is higher in vitamin B12, vitamin C, folate, and magnesium than both cow and goat’s milk. Many of the nutrients found in goat and sheep’s milk are easier for your body to digest.